2022 Anhui Civil Service Exam training section: Reading Comprehension (2.18)

2022-05-05 0 By

1. Nowadays, a large number of marginal disciplines, comprehensive disciplines and horizontal disciplines have sprung up like bamboo shoots after a spring rain.The rise of interdisciplinary subjects fully reflects the trend of horizontal integration of modern science and technology.At the same time, modern science also speeds up the process of vertical integration, which is the combination of basic research, applied research and technological development, and the combination of scientific and technological research and development and production practice.(A) The combination of basic research, applied research and technological development is the manifestation of the horizontal integration of modern science and technology.A large number of marginal disciplines, comprehensive disciplines and horizontal disciplines are flourishing. C) one of the manifestations of the vertical integration process of modern science is the combination of research and development and production practice. D) The manifestation of the horizontal integration trend of modern science and technology is the rise of cross-disciplines.Administrative punishment is not for punishment, but the law of administrative punishment is to regulate the establishment and implementation of administrative punishment.According to the basic principles of combining punishment with education and equal excessive punishment, those who intentionally disrupt traffic order and seriously violate the law should be severely punished.But for minor, no harm to the society of illegal behavior, if everything is punished, will increase the burden of transportation employees, but does not meet the requirements of regulating market order, better promote social stability and other law enforcement concepts.At the same time, it will also reduce the offender’s sense of shame after administrative punishment, and can not achieve the goal of combining punishment with education.The question discussed in this passage is: A) how to make offenders feel the temperature of law enforcement B) how to scientifically identify minor violations C) Whether all violations should be punished D) Whether the punishment standard should be adjusted 3.Romanticism is a concept with numerous meanings and broad connotations.In the case of romanticism, it is also impossible to obtain an absolutely precise concept which the world’s public can agree upon.But we can not reject the definition of relativity, at least in the field of discipline can be made.The latter is particularly important for The field of Chinese literary theory, because we have never explicitly discriminated on this dimension. Romanticism in our literary theory system is a mixture of political science and aesthetics, interweaving multiple contents such as politics and sociology.(A) Romanticism in the system of literary theory is very simple; (B) the study of romanticism has just begun; (C) the academic circle has made A relative definition of romanticism; (D) there is no public consensus on romanticism.Some TV practitioners believe that variety shows should entertain the public. If the dissemination of values is emphasized, problems such as boring content, single form, rigid preaching, low communication power and influence are likely to occur, and it is difficult to be recognized by the audience.In fact, in the form of innovation is not equal to the lack of cultural connotation, more is not vulgar aesthetic taste, variety shows not only the pursuit of a bright on artistic expression, also must contain certain value orientation, certain social responsibility, to a greater degree into the real society and people life, get more recognition.This paragraph is intended to emphasize that: A practitioners of variety shows should not cater too much to the needs of the audience; B Artistic innovation is the magic weapon for variety shows to gain public recognition; C TV audiences are disgusted by the communication method of value concept lacking creativity; D Variety shows should give consideration to both entertainment effect and social value orientation.Translation is an important medium of cultural exchange. Traditional translation theory holds that the original text and the target text should be equivalent to each other. Therefore, “faithfulness” is the basic standard of translation.Under the influence of postmodern philosophy, translation studies, which emerged in the 1970s, opposed essentialism and the traditional idea that “the essence of translation is the original”.This new trend of thought in translation studies emphasizes “creative treason” in translation, that is, disloyalty to the original text is considered normal and even inevitable.On the basis of reading the original text, the translator carries out unique translation creation according to his own understanding of the original text, and the translator is considered to be another author of the text.(A) The relationship between emerging translation theories and postmodern philosophy (B) translators’ creative contributions to translated texts (C) the differences between emerging translation theories and traditional translation theories (D) The basic standards to be followed in translation work1. Modern science has also accelerated the process of vertical integration, which is the combination of basic research, applied research and technological development.B. Nowadays, a large number of marginal, comprehensive and horizontal disciplines are springing up like bamboo shoots after a rain.C) Modern science has also accelerated the process of vertical integration — the process of combining research and development of science and technology with production practice.D) The rise of interdisciplinary disciplines has fully reflected the trend of horizontal integration of modern science and technology.A.2. This paragraph first sentence points out what is the purpose of “administrative punishment”, and then points out that for deliberately disrupt traffic order, serious illegal ACTS to severe punishment, and the twist correlative “but” emphasize the minor offence is not necessarily punishment, later from the two sides of the harm of minor illegal punishment of further demonstrates the above viewpoint.C. Serious violations of laws need to be punished. D. Minor violations need not be punished.A) The temperature of law enforcement is not reflected in the passage.B) Whether all illegal behaviors should be punished? C) How to identify minor illegal behaviors scientifically.[D] Whether all illegal acts should be punished?C.3. Romanticism in our system of literary theory is A mixture of politics, sociology and aesthetics.B) The research is just beginning.C, according to the “on the romantic topic…… but not from this definition, which rejected the relativity on the discipline domain limit can be made at least points”, the definition of relative to the romantic we are a positive attitude, and toward this direction diligently, “has made a definition of relativity” strangeness tenses, ruled out;[D] It is impossible to obtain an absolutely precise concept on the subject of romanticism which the world can agree upon.D.4. Some TV practitioners hold the view that variety shows should entertain the public rather than spread values. In fact, “innovation in form” does not mean “lack of connotation”, let alone “vulgar aesthetics”.[D] Variety shows should have both artistic expression and value orientation. [D] Variety shows should have both artistic expression and value orientation. [D] Variety shows should have both artistic expression and value orientation.Item A, “it is not appropriate to cater too much to the needs of the audience” is not clearly stated and does not reflect how to innovate and exclude;B) Artistic innovation is not the focus of the passage.[C] the content before the transition.D.5. This paragraph begins to elicit the topic of “translation”, then introduces the essence of the traditional translation theory, that is, between the original and the translation is equal to each other, and later introduced the emerging translation theory and the difference between traditional translation theory, namely the emerging translation theory is that translation is faithful to the original normal and even necessary, its essence is distinct from the traditional translation theory,The last sentence explains the translation mechanism of the emerging translation theory, that is, the emerging translation theory is a unique translation creation carried out by translators.C. The differences between the emerging translation theories and the traditional translation theoriesA) Traditional translation theoryB) creative contributionD) The basic criteria of traditional translation theory.C.