Bleeding is a common action that some people have been using incorrectly for most of their lives
Nosebleeds are often seen in movies and TV plays. Teenagers and girls shed nosebleeds when they see some exciting pictures.But nosebleeds are less interesting when they happen in real life, although they are common and stop quickly and rarely get worse.However, there is a general misunderstanding of the correct way to prevent nosebleeds, leading to some wrong treatment methods such as backward head, etc. These wrong operations will also have a certain impact on hemostasis and health.You may be wondering how to stop a nosebleed immediately, correctly and safely. What’s behind it?Causes of nosebleeds Most nosebleeds occur at the lower end of the nasal septum, the wall that separates the two airways at each end of the nasal cavity. The nasal septum contains blood vessels, which can be easily damaged by scraping your nails (picking your nose) or blowing your nose hard.Anterior nosebleed can also be caused by dry, hot air, or external trauma such as being hit in the nose by a ball.An obvious sign of anterior nosebleed is blood flowing out of the nostril when the patient is sitting or standing.Posterior nasal bleeding superior posterior septal nasal bleeding is very rare.When the nasal cavity starts to bleed, blood can flow out of the back of the mouth and throat, even if the patient is sitting or standing.These nosebleeds are serious enough to require first aid.Posterior septal bleeding has many underlying causes, but is more common in patients with hypertension and nasal trauma.Older adults are also more likely to have post-nosebleed than children or young adults.In addition to nose picking, dryness, trauma and blowing your nose hard, there are other, less common causes of noseblets: certain medications that prevent blood clotting, such as warfarin, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen.Certain drugs, such as cocaine.Hereditary or hereditary clotting disorders such as hemophilia or von willebrand disease or hemorrhagic telangiectasia, a disease involving the growth of blood vessels in the nose head injuries benign or malignant tumors arterial diseases such as atherosclerosis approximately 60% of people will experience a nosebleed in their lifetime.Nosebleeds are most common in children aged 2 to 10 and adults aged 50 to 80.When adults get frequent nosebleeds, there may be a more serious problem behind them.If you suffer from nosebleeds, especially if there is no physical injury, be sure to seek medical attention.How to stop bleeding nosebleeds, stop bleeding is the first aid measures needed all means.If you’ve had a similar experience, here’s what you should do: Lean forward, Not Backward One of the biggest mistakes in first aid is leaning back.The blood needs to go somewhere, and if you lean back or lie down at this point, it’s likely to end up in your throat, blocking the airway.Blood may also enter the stomach and irritate the stomach wall, possibly causing vomiting.Pinch your nose Most people instinctively pinch their nose when they have a nosebleed, but there is a right way and a wrong way to do it.Pinch the underside of your nose, not just your nostril.Squeeze the soft tissue with your fingers.If bleeding continues, the grip should be adjusted appropriately.When pinching the nose, there should be no obvious bleeding.When done correctly, not only can you stop the blood flow, you should also be able to breathe through your nose.Properly pinching the nose can stop or slow blood flow, allowing clots to form and successfully stop bleeding.Keep it on for at least five minutes. Don’t go and check for bleeding for five minutes.If you can, keep the pressure on for longer.After 5 minutes, release the pressure to see if the bleeding has stopped.If not, do it again, but this time hold for 10 minutes.Remember: this time, don’t check for bleeding for 10 minutes.If bleeding does not stop after this time, repeat for another 10 minutes if necessary.Be sure to sit up straight when you get a nosebleed, rather than lying on your back as if you were tilting your head back. This can only cause blood to flow from your throat to your stomach and can lead to choking or vomiting.Keeping the head higher than the heart also lowers blood pressure in the nasal veins, which stops bleeding.Bonus tips what you can do when you have a nosebleed: Put ice or chemical compresses on the bridge of your nose.This can constrict the blood vessels and help stop the bleeding. Ice by itself won’t stop a nosebleed, but it can help ease the symptoms.Apply nasal decongestant to the bleeding nostril and continue pinching the nose.Avoid putting anything on your nose to absorb blood, such as a tissue or cotton ball.Stay calm (or tell your kids to stay calm).Once the bleeding has stopped, it is important to constrict the blood vessels as soon as possible so that there is no more bleeding.If the bleeding stops within the first 10 to 15 minutes, but the nose starts bleeding again, repeat the procedure.Note: Do not blow, rub or put anything in your nose, and do not bend over or lift anything heavy.If the bleeding persists if the nosebleed does not stop after the second or third attempt at pressurization, it is time to see a doctor.If the bleeding is rapid and lasts for more than 20 minutes, and there is excessive blood loss (more than one cup), if blood is flowing from the back of the throat or vomiting blood, or if you feel dizzy, faint or weak at any time, call 120 immediately.Emergency sign: Bleeding for more than 20 minutes without stopping.There was more than one cup of blood.You can taste the blood in your mouth.Have high blood pressure.Nosebleeds are caused by trauma to the face.If you or your child are prone to nosebleeds, here’s how to prevent them: Don’t pick your nose!Gently blow your nose when you have a cold or allergy.If you live in a dry climate or during the winter months, use a humidifier.Moisturize the inside of your nose with an over-the-counter saline nasal spray or a small amount of vaseline on the inside of your nose.When performing contact sports, please wear a seat belt and head cover in the car to protect your face and avoid facial injury.Quit smoking. Smoking dries out the lining of the nose.Eat regularly and don’t be picky.Strengthen nutrition, reasonable diet, eat more fresh vegetables, fruits.2, American Academy of Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery,Nosebleeds. Updated November 2019.3, Nemours Foundation. Kids Health.Georgalas C, Montevecchi F, et al. Management of idiopathic epistaxis in adults: What's new? Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2019;Doi :10.14639/0392-100X-21555, Beck R, Sorge M, Schneider A,Dietz A. Current approaches to epistaxis treatment in primary and secondary care. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2018;115 (1-02) : 12-22. Doi: 10.3238 / arztebl. 2018.00126, Smith J, Hanson J, Chowdhury R,Bungard TJ. Community-based management of epistaxis: Who bloody knows? Can Pharm J (Ott). 2019;152 (3) : 164-176. The doi: 10.1177/17151635198403807, but Cleveland’s a-clinic. Nosebleed (epistaxis).